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Gum Disease Treatment

Woman laughingAt our practice, we have a preventative approach to dentistry with a wide range of general dentistry services. Our team are highly skilled and trained in multiple facets of dentistry including the treatment of gum disease.

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that can destroy the soft tissues and bone that support the teeth.

Most Common Gum Disease Causes

  • Plaque Buildup caused by poor hygiene or lack of dental care
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal causes
  • Prescription medications
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Crooked teeth making it easy for plaque to build up in hard-to-reach areas
  • Family history


Gum disease illustrationGingivitis is the early stage of periodontal disease that affects only the gum tissue. Gingiva, commonly referred to as gums, is the soft tissue at the floor of the oral cavity (mouth) that covers the roots of the teeth. Gingivitis may result from plaque (a sticky substance made up of bacteria) build up on teeth and may lead to red, swollen gums that are prone to bleeding while brushing.

Injury or trauma to the gums, due to improper brushing technique and certain medical conditions, may increase your risk of developing gingivitis. The disease is reversible at this stage; however, if left untreated it may progress to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis.


Periodontitis occurs from a progression of gingivitis and affects the tissues supporting the teeth, resulting in loss of bone and the teeth itself. The periodontium refers to the tissue that surrounds and supports the root of the teeth. Periodontitis usually develops as a result of poor oral hygiene. This stage of the disease is irreversible; the damage to the bone or surrounding tissues cannot be reversed.

Complications associated with periodontitis include risk of heart attack or stroke, low birth weight babies, poorly controlled diabetes, and other serious health problems. Regular brushing, flossing and dental check-ups can greatly reduce your chance of developing periodontitis.

Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.

Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!

If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.

If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) will be recommended. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb.

In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric toothbrush may be recommended to help control infection and healing.

If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean.

Prevent and Treat Gum Disease Today!

Contact our team to book your appointment! We offer the latest dental solutions using modern technology and techniques. Call now!

* Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.

Gum Disease Treatment Redfern, Darlington, Surry Hills NSW | 02 9318 1972